Category Archives: Mood Disorder Nos

Mood Disorder Nos

Mood disorder not otherwise specified – Treatment

Mood disorder not otherwise specified is very alarmingly widespread. According to the latest evidences, over 400 million people worldwide suffer from severe depression, a condition characterized by an overwhelming sadness and loss of satisfaction in daily activities. It is estimated that in the next 30 years the number of depression cases will only be exceeded by the one of cardiovascular cases. No wonder that mood disorder has been called the common cold of mental illness. In the latest period, mood disorder not otherwise specified has been given a lot of attention. Some symptoms of this disease are radical changes of mood, when the individual switches easily from depression to mania. During a depressive phase, the person may be haunted by suicide thoughts. In the manic phase, however, it may darken your judgement and you can no longer realize the consequences of your actions.

Mood disorder not otherwise specified can be controlled. Mood disorder treatment is very complex and it includes both drug consumption and psychotherapy approach. These two methods of intervention are not mutually exclusive and they are actually complementing each other. One side, psychotherapy accelerates the healing process and it takes action where and when drugs fail to reach. It is well known that any mood disorder medication need time in order to apply its effects, between three and five weeks, to reach its maximum effectiveness. This is the reason why psychotherapy sessions provide great value at the treatment start.

On the other side, it was revealed that nearly half of the patients suffering of mood disorder abandon the treatment or they perform it inconsistently once their mental state starts to improve. Psychotherapy has a special gift – it creates a therapeutic alliance in order to diminish the isolation feeling and the patient sense that its suffering cannot be understood by other, so it will enhance its communication capacity with the world. This is the reason why it provides a better compliance to treatment and the patient starts becoming aware that the early abandonment of the medication is associated with a potential recurrence of the disease.

These days therapists benefit by a wide range of options when it comes to mood disorder not otherwise specified treatment. Developed since the ’50s, mood disorder drugs passed through several generations of medications and have been developed increasingly effective and better tolerated by patients. When you have to choose the medication, the psychiatrist considers a particular type of it depending of your symptoms and the age, other associated diseases, medicinal cures and lifestyle as well. But no drug comes without side effects and the individual having mood disorder should be aware that sometimes it takes perseverance to overcome the initial difficult period of the treatment and that always it has to balance the benefits of the treatment with its unpleasant effects (which in most cases will be transient and insignificant).


Mood disorder not otherwise specified using psychotherapy

–          The supportive therapy that aims to support the patient’s emotional aspects which reviews his real problems and its reaction to the problems. Using this type of therapy the patient will be helped to solve the problems and if they cannot be solved he will be taught to detach from them.

–          The cognitive therapy is applied in mild or moderate mood disorder not otherwise specified treatment. This is used in order to change the cognitive distortions that may occur in the patient’s mind and which are considered to be responsible for mood disorders usually. The individual is taught how to correctly identify and understand the problems and the psychotherapist helps in restoration of cognitive schemes which are appropriate to the patient personality.

–          The psychoanalytic therapy is performed with a more active intervention of the therapist. The aim of this method is to help the patient understand the discharges, the motivations and to improve its defense mechanism.

In mood disorder not otherwise specified family plays a key role as well. Last but not least, the friends and the family of the patient with this affection have a very important role in its recovery. If you wish to help a patient you must keep in mind the following aspects:

–          Mood disorder is not a character flaw and it is not present due to a lack of power; mood disorder is a disease.

–          You need to show concert, but not an excessive one which can inhibit more the patient

–          The patients need affection, but no mercy

–          Physical activity has a beneficial role in improving general health, do not hesitate to encourage the patient do it

–          Small positive changes noticed and communicated to the patient will have a beneficial effect and it will accelerate the change

–          The patient suffering of mood disorder not otherwise specified should be constantly encouraged that its condition is reversible and that the disease can cure

As you can notice the mood disorder not otherwise specified treatment is a complex process to which equally the patient, the psychotherapist and the family participate. The success depends on a good communication between these parties. In order to diagnose correctly the mood disorder not otherwise specified a specialist advice is required, the psychiatrist being able to determine the severity of the disorder and to recommend the appropriate treatment for your specific mood disorder, which can be treated either with medication accompanied by psychotherapy or, as appropriate, only with psychotherapy. Please consider that the above treatment methods are only provided as a general information purpose and they cannot be applied before you pay a visit to a doctor.

If you want to get rid of your mood disorder or if you want to help someone to get rid of it, please do not follow strictly the above treatment solutions. Pay a visit to a doctor because he is the right person that can advise you depending on the symptoms you have.


Mood disorder not otherwise specified for children

If children are experiencing sadness or depression following up a bad event in their life, such as the loss of a loved one or the breakup, then it is a normal behaviour and this is not a sign of a mood disorder. Family and friends providing love can be the best support and medication, helping the individual’s feelings cure by themselves. There are long periods during which mood disorder symptoms can occur or reoccur, months after months, and in this scenario they are not interfere with normal life activities or with a person’s relations. A good thing to know is that these signs of a mood disorder can vary very much depending on age.

Symptoms for children under 7 years regarding mood disorders

–          they are often complaining about physical issues

–          no bounce and no enthusiasm characteristic for their age

–          crying for no reason

–          fast and spontaneous irritability

–          pessimism and negative statements about themselves

–          self destructing behaviour

–          having no pleasure when it comes to joyful activities, specific to this age

Symptoms for children over 8 years regarding mood disorders

–          school difficulties or low performances

–          bad behaviour

–          daily problems with his friends

–          high irritability and aggressively to their colleagues

–          suicide tendencies

–          anhedonia

–          hate speech statements

–          racing feelings and fight thoughts

–          too much sleep, often affective changes

–          strength increase with sleep decrease

–          very poor judgement ability

Mood disorder not otherwise specified manifests on the affective side of life, to the psychomotor side, to the cognitive side and to the somatic side. Depression is defined as any passing or durable loss of mood or psychological tone. Depression is not necessarily a pathological state but an effective mood disorder, strongly related to the life cycles or to nature variations. In some forms, affective symptoms are replaced with somatic ones, such as chest pain, abdominal pain or headaches. Regarding the psychomotor side it is noticed an agitation mood associated with anxiety. The patient cannot longer perform their professional duties and it can go up to a state where it loses the ability to feed or to care itself. In the cognitive side, it is reached a slowing of all mental processes. There are often encountered ideas of self depreciation, loss of self esteem, fear of loss, guilt ideas, despair, death or suicide.

If you have any of the above symptoms pay attention, because they are strongly related to the mood disorder not otherwise specified. Pay a visit to a doctor in order to stay safe!

Mood disorder not otherwise specified – Symptoms

Mood disorder not otherwise specified represents a mood disorder characterized by sadness, despair, hopelessness, loss of interest for any activity, symptoms that are taking over the control on the individual’s life, interfering with his ability to work, learn, eat, sleep or have fun. Of course, during each person’s life there are moments of sadness and moments during which it seems that there is not enough energy in order to cover everything or doing small things, but this condition is often transient, lasting for no more than a few days, after which things should return to normal. But for an individual having a depressive disorder it is about a deep pain which takes over the control. Among the most common symptoms for mood disorder not otherwise specified we can remember:

–          The disappearance of interest for activities which usually were done easily with joy

–          Hopelessness, pessimism

–          Tendency toward isolation, guilt feelings, loneliness, helplessness

–          Difficulty making decisions and concentrating

–          Often thoughts about death or suicide

–          Irritability, restlessness, insomnia and fatigue

Children and adolescents often suffer of mood disorders not otherwise specified, being among the most common affections. These include depression or bipolar disorders, being usually called affective disorders. There are many kids having depression, being depressed day by day. This is a cause of the chemical imbalances inside his brain, but environmental causes may be a reason as well. There are many situations when mood disorders not otherwise specified are undiagnosed because its symptoms can be underestimated and the problems can be associated with different other affections. This is a regular manifestation during childhood, when hormonal changes, social pressures and physical development are in full progress. More than that, almost all teenagers are not so communicative when it comes to looking for help. Kept untreated, mood disorder not otherwise specified can led to serious issues of behaviour, potential school failures, extreme irritability, abuse of drugs, self injuries or, in extreme situations, suicide.

If you have or you know someone loved who has mood disorder not otherwise specified symptoms, then you are lucky, because these disorders are treatable. Parents, personnel, medication or environment can help it cure, if you know the symptoms in order to get the proper help method.

Mood disorder not otherwise specified – Causes

Mood disorder not otherwise specified includes any change in the general state of mind. It is normal for a person’s disposal to modify occasionally as a reaction to certain situations or events, although in most people the mood is fairly constant. However, a radical change of mood may be a sign of a deeper problem. Although many people associate the mood changes with bipolar disorder or with manic depressive disorder, these conditions should not be considered always.

Mood disorder not otherwise specified causes in women

Studies have shown that hormones have a profound impact on brain chemistry that controls the emotions and the mood. A lot of factors in a woman’s life, such as hormonal imbalances, menstrual cycle, menopause, pregnancy, hypothyroidism, endocrine imbalances and other biological problems that can play an important role in case of a fluctuating state of mind.

When a woman gets to menopause, many changes may be involved in the estrogens, progesterone and testosterone production as a result of hormonal imbalances that may cause mood disorders. Similarly, during ovulation period, women experience a lot of behavioural, physical and emotional changes due to hormonal variations. Another cause for the mood disorder not otherwise specified may be the stress at home and at work. The modern lifestyle plays a key role in amplifying the sudden changes in mood, like smoking, drinking, eating fast food and the lack of physical activity.

Mood disorder not otherwise specified causes in men

Environmental factors and chemical imbalances in the brain may ‘help’ to develop mood disorders. Untreated, mood disorder not otherwise specified may become debilitating. Men menopause is another cause for mood disorders, being a specific symptom during men menopause. Symptoms will appear gradually and they can affect mental and emotional health of a man. Doctors believe that depression in men may include symptoms such as irritability, social isolation, excessive alcohol consumption or illegal drugs consumption. As in women, for older people, hormone levels begin to drop. Low levels of testosterone may contribute to the inability to concentrate, memory loss, sadness feelings, lack of self confidence or reduced motivation.

Bipolar disorder is another cause for mood disorder not otherwise specified.

The main symptoms of manic and depression, associated with bipolar disorder include both changes of behaviour and mood as well. People suffering of bipolar disorder may experience periods of mania and depression. Men who suffer from bipolar disorder may make abuse of alcohol, drugs and relationship problems. Diabetes and its blood sugar fluctuations can contribute as well to mood disorder and mood changes. You need to control your blood sugar level constantly especially if you notice inappropriate changes in your mood. Talk with your doctor when you constantly have mood swings because you may need to adjust the medication.

Mood disorder not otherwise specified causes in children

Children of all ages can experience mood disorders that could be the result of natural causes or development reasons. Development of young children can experience many mood changes, but the language does not allow them to express themselves enough. Also, during puberty mood disorders are quite common. Hormonal changes during this period are responsible for rapid emotional changes. At puberty, children may feel social pressure, specific to this stage of development, which can contribute to mood disorder not otherwise specified causes.

Stress during childhood may be another cause for mood disorder not otherwise specified.

The consequences can be bedwetting, internalization, manifestation of gastrointestinal diseases and headaches. Unnatural levels of stress can be caused in some situation by the parent separation, involving in too many activities or death of a loved one, illness or exposure to age unspecific images. Stress can occur also for children who hear discussions about marriage or financial issues of their parents. Hyperactivity accompanied by attention deficit may be another cause, as a result of insufficient chemicals in the brain areas responsible for thinking and organizing processes. Therefore, a child having ADHD may experience mood disorders and difficulty in focusing attention and follow instructions. Doctors say that ADHD is common among boys, although it may be present on girls as well.

mood disorder nos causes

mood disorder nos causes

Having an unhealthy diet can be another cause for mood disorder not otherwise specified, that can cause a negative reaction of the body and because children do not have yet the maturity to understand the cause of these changes, they are prone to mood disorders. Children should have a healthy breakfast, rich in carbohydrates, fiber, vegetables and fruits.

Hereditary factors can be a cause as well. If family history has anxiety or bipolar disorders, in which mood swings occurred, the child may inherit this affection. Sleep habit is another reason for mood disorders. Pay attention to the sleeping hours of your children, because they need more sleep than adults, otherwise they can become irritable and prone to mood disorders. Finally, lack of exercise affects many aspects of mental, emotional and physical health. Lack of exercise weakens the child’s body and could have a negative impact on your mood.


Mood disorder Not otherwise specified – General information

One in four people suffer from a mental disorder. Psychiatry is a branch of medical science dealing with the knowledge and the treatment of mental illness, social reinsertion and giving back the quality of life for ill patients as well. The word ‘psychiatry’ has Greek origin meaning the healing of the soul. An individual becomes mentally ill when he is no longer accepting himself or others, when it has an aggressive preoccupation with his own body and with his own person, when he lose the contact with the reality, retreating himself into his own world, not being anymore able to adapt to social, occupational and cultural norms.

mood disorder nos

mood disorder nos

Mood disorder not otherwise specified is a relatively persistent emotional state that can have fluctuations in depth, intensity and duration. Mood disorders differ from normal variations through persistence, severity, duration and sometimes by the presence of other symptoms and functional disorders. Mood disorder not otherwise specified is a disease characterized by recurrent episodes of mania and depression with normal periods between illness episodes.

Mania – it can be characterized by mood changes, changes in the way of thinking, behavioural disorders (such as increased energy, overspending, sexual affairs, excessive familiarity), verbose (such as exaggerated speech, accelerated and impossible to have a continuous quantity), decreased ability to concentrate and decreased need for sleep.

Depression – it can be characterized by a decreased mood or a lack of pleasure or interest in any activity, sleep disturbances (like insomnia or hypersomnia), changes in appetite and weight, fatigue, lack of energy, low self esteem, anxiety, sadness, irritability, culpability, agitation or suicide ideation.

Mood disorder not otherwise specified, also known as affective disorder, is part of a class of diseases that have as a distinctive feature the appearance of an unusual mood under some specific circumstances. The most common mood disorders are the bipolar disorder, depression, postpartum depression, cyclothymiacs or seasonal disorder. Mood disorders are controlled or treated through medication or psychotherapy. Mood represents an emotional state which can be present for a long time, varying between sadness or joys which the individual can control it and which is reflected in all individual life aspects. Sadness exaggeration is represented by depression and the joy exaggeration is represented by euphoria.

Depression and euphoria are the cardinal symptoms of the depressive syndrome and the manic syndrome. The depressive syndrome represents a set of signs and symptoms that affect the cognitive, affective and behavioural scope. The manic syndrome represents a set of signs and cognitive, affective and behavioural symptoms that have as main symptoms the euphoria or the irritability. Both disrupt the social integration of the individual. Mood disorder not otherwise specified may be classified according to its intensity, recurrence, complexity or duration.


  1. Major mood disorder, which may be the first episode of illness
  2. Dysthymic disorder, also known as neurosis anxiety
  3. Mood disorder not otherwise specified
  4. Type 1 bipolar disorder, when it is encountered the depression syndrome
  5. Type 3 bipolar disorder, met in the manic syndrome with major depressive episodes

In psychopathology, depression may occur as a symptom, as a syndrome or as a disease, which is the most common entity. It has two cardinal symptoms: depression and lack of interest or pleasure. Depression is a symptom that is difficult to differentiate by normal sadness. It is persistent and it cannot be modified by external factors, it cannot be controlled by the patient. Each individual express their depression through a personal equivalent of sadness, anger or bad mood.

In mood disorder not otherwise specified lack of interest and pleasure is the second important symptom. Medically, this symptom is expressed by the lack of pleasure for any activity that was previously enjoyable. The interest for any aspect of life disappears: job, hobbies, sex life or family. The patient is pessimistic, hopeless, it tends to isolate and its communication capacity decreases. The way the affection shows its presence is closely related to personality type. Cognitive disorders are under inhibition sign or under the feeling of inefficiency.

During attention investigations, doctors observed an obvious decrease in concentration, the patient reporting that it cannot concentrate on a book or a show and this disorder of attention can be objective. Memory can also be disrupted, the binding capacity is decreased, patients even complaining of this problem. The patients may evoke unpleasant events of their life with the minimization of their previous accomplishments. At perception level may occur disorders, such as headache, somatoform disorders, auditory or visual hallucinations. At the mind level disorders may occur as well – the patient can hardly express its ideas, the verbal expression is slow. The speech content is monotonous and poor or the discussion is centred on the actual suffering and on unpleasant events and the future is very pessimistic.

In many cases family and friend do not know how to help a person with mood disorder not otherwise specified. Below advice can be useful:

–          spend more time with the loved one

–          provide help for daily activities (do not take them over entirely, because in this scenario mood disorder can increase)

–          make exercise with the patient, walking first thing in the morning can help

–          help the person not to disrupt its treatment